New Advances in Energy Efficient Building Technology

Building design and technology have witnessed absolutely ground-breaking innovations in the last decade. From steps that ensure lower consumption of power in a systematic and optimal fashion to architectural design in itself that enables the building to become ‘green’, technological advances in energy efficient building design is paving the way for a new India.

Although the roadblocks have been many — from conservative attitudes of owners towards adopting the energy efficient building model to lack of facilities in the first place — today, India does have an energy code in place and also organizations that are aiding both companies and institutions and individual homeowners as well to make sure that India is surely on its way to optimizing power and taking steps to curb the adverse effect that rapid development can levy on the environment at large.

Advances that help in energy efficient ‘building’

Passive architectural design

Energy efficient buildings work well because they integrate natural resources such as light and wind in their structural design. Passive architectural design is being increasingly adopted by large residential complexes and standalone structures such as companies to ensure maximum utilization of natural sunlight to reduce power consumption. According to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Indira Paryavaran Bhawan in New Delhi and the Indian Oil Corporation Limited building at Indore are prime examples of energy efficient structures that use architectural design to ensure that their buildings get maximum penetration of sunlight during the day and also remain cool, thereby driving down energy costs. By orienting the building in an east-west direction, Indira Paryavaran Bhawan also ensures effective ventilation. Both these structures, for example, also utilize more than 70% of natural sunlight and use solar power plants to meet all their energy needs.

Solar power for energy efficient buildings

Solar power is gaining immense popularity in developing nations. This format harnesses the energy of the sun to provide power for industrial, as well as domestic use. Solar power plants are being built inside residential complexes to meet the demands of people staying there. They are easy to install in standalone houses as well and the government itself is engaged in making it available at a lower cost. A solar power system in a household will recover its cost within 3 to 5 years and post that the owner can actually enjoy free power for the rest of the power plants lifetime, which goes up to 20 years.

Using eco-friendly building material and design

Green building materials such as fly-ash bricks, using roofing material such as rock wool, Mineral wool, and vermiculite to reduce summer heat gain, double gazed windows with air gaps are a large courtyard and long verandahs for air circulation are just some of the ways in which a building can become energy efficient.

Energy Efficient Building

Energy Efficient Building

The need of the hour for a burgeoning economy like India is to optimize all its resources. The country power needs are primarily met through traditional routes such as the consumption of fossil fuels. However, these reserves are not unlimited. Therefore, it is of paramount importance that steps are taken to adopt newer ways to increase efficiency in the way in which we consume power as a nation.

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